In this article I will discuss how to self-install the operating system Windows 7 from the disk to your computer or laptop.
I offer a detailed step by step instructions and a clear demonstration of the installation screenshots of the Windows operating system.
If you think that the installation of the operating system - it is something complicated and incomprehensible, with which can handle only a specialist, I disappoint you: it's not true. Now you see it for yourself.
All you need to install the Windows 7 (or Windows 8) - is a computer or laptop, the disk with the operating system (as in this article we are going to install Windows from the disc), detailed instructions, which I will now give, and, perhaps, care ! I hope that after installation, you will not look like this.
After installation it is recommended immediately to establish the correct antivirus. You know - it is very important in our times of electronic payments. It is also currently (still) anywhere without as Adobe Player Get the Flash . As it correctly set here. You may also be interested in a very good browser Maxthon. If you keep on your computer private information, create a reliable safe for her.
Important: Most of all possible problems when installing Windows 7, due to improperly prepared installation disc and (or) as a recording on it, "build the OS." How to write the operating system image to a disc, you can read in this article.
Remember: if it does not drive out of the box, that is purchased in the store, you need to use only the original images from the Microsoft MSDN. It is the original image, which is also available on the web, as well as various assembly - is the key to successful installation of Windows and its normal functioning.
Do not use the assembly of unknown origin. All third-party fixes, patches, self-made assembly you bet at your own risk. The consequences can be irreversible.
- Before installing Windows 7:
- To install Windows 7 from the disc:
- HOW TO INSTALL WINDOWS 7 on a flash drive
- Burn the Windows 7 image on a USB flash drive
- Copying files to a USB flash drive prepared.
Before installing Windows 7:
Remember the two main points that need to be performed before installing Windows.
First - this is determined in advance, the system will be installed on a hard disk partition. As a rule, in most cases, this drive C: \\. It is necessary to remember (or create) the volume label and its size.
Remember, your desktop is entirely located on the drive C: \\, or rather, here: C: \\ Documents and Settings \\ User Name \\ Desk. Think in advance about the integrity and safety paramount for you to file, copy them from the desktop, that is, C drive to another drive, or USB flash drive.
All programs installed on drive C: \\ will also be removed, but that's no reason to drag the entire folder with the programs in other drives. It is much easier to re-install these programs on a clean system. Do not be lazy, not every day you re-install Windows.
The second point - is the driver to your desktop or notebook computer. On them you need to take care in advance. For most laptops, they are included, but if they do not have (or need to update), looking at the official manufacturer's website and download them in advance.
All you need to know about installing drivers, I recommend to read the article "Installing Drivers or five iron rules", which is located here.
If you skip this important point, after you install Windows, you can stay without the Internet, it is no fact that distribution windows will initially contain your network card driver.
To install Windows 7 from the disc:
Insert the CD with the Windows operating system in the drive and restart your computer. By the way, if you do not drive, then install the Windows operating system, you can use an ordinary USB drive.
We will continue. Our task - to set up the computer to boot from the DVD-ROM. This can be done in 2 ways:
- 1. select the device (DVD-ROM) in a special boot menu;
- 2. to change the boot priority in the BIOS (from HDD to DVD-ROM).
The first method, the device on the boot menu, easier and more convenient. After installing Windows, no need to return the boot from the HDD (hard disk drive). However, on older computers, this feature is not present in this case will have to go into the BIOS and change the boot priority.
Start - restart, waiting for when the screen goes off and the system at the first sign of awakening (the appearance of the logo), press and hold the Delete key on the keyboard. Why key Delete? This may be keys F1, F2, F3 + F2, F10, Ctrl + Alt + Esc, Ctrl + Alt + S, Esc.
Some universal key to enter the boot menu or BIOS entry does not exist, and all depends on the manufacturer of your computer (motherboard). The surest way - to read the instructions on the computer or the motherboard. The following table provides illustrative example of such keys.
Boot menu looks like this:
You can only select the desired device from the list. If done correctly and the disc is recorded correctly, the installation should begin immediately after selecting the device via the boot menu. So much for the boot menu, and now look at the second option - to change the priority of boot directly into the BIOS.
Usually, you can see a message like this after turning on the computer: «Press DEL to enter setup». This means that you should press the Delete key to enter the BIOS. If you did everything correctly, you will see the program shell, like a good old DOS.
Interface, depending on the BIOS manufacturer (AMI, Phoenix - Award), can vary considerably, but the principle of action is always the same. To navigate and change settings, use the arrow keys, Enter key and + \\ -.
In the top menu, locate and select the Boot, seek entry «Boot Device Priority» and press Enter. Here you need to set the priority to a computer or laptop to boot to the hard disk, and the disk containing the operating system. Use the arrow keys on the keyboard, set the CD / DVD-drive in the boot list in the first place. It is temporary, then all will return into place.
Press F10, we agree and acknowledge exits and saves (Save and Exit) option «Ok».
Consider the second version of the interface. To boot from the disk, you need to change priorities so that the first device was the DVD-ROM drive. Find the item «Advanced BIOS Features» and arrows switch to the first device (First Boot Device), change to the CDROM.
If at this stage there were problems, I recommend watching this video.
We will continue. If done correctly, you will see the following window with the words: «Press any key to boot from CD or DVD».
Here you need to press any key, for example, a space. This is done only one time , and only at this stage of the installation. We see the following window with the inscription «Windows is loading files».
Are extracted files, and then we will see the inscription «Starting Windows» and Windows 7. Installation window itself has begun installing Windows !!
Select the desired language and click "Install".
Next we need to choose the edition of Windows 7. Choose the one to which you have the key, or you are going to activate. On laptops it is usually indicated on the paper with the key located on the bottom of the notebook. Commissioning of the serial number will be a little later, he moved to the end of the installation.
A few words about the possibility of installing a 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit version of Windows. If you have more than 4 GB of RAM (aka RAM, RAM, Memory), then put a 64-bit, if not, then the 32-bit (x86).
Read and agree to the terms of the license. Next we need to choose the type of installation - choose "Full installation".
Now you need to select the partition on which you will install Windows.
If you have this section reserved by the system (note that he is in megabytes (MB), not gigabytes), such as in the following screenshot, then select Disk 0 Section 2.
That was not so excruciatingly painful when selecting the section in advance of the Windows Installer see how many gigabytes takes your drive C.
If you have one partition on the hard disk and it is greater than 250 GB, it is wise to create two local disk. One section - especially for Windows (usually set aside about 50-100 GB), and the other - for the storage of your personal information (how many remain, XXX GB).
Note: you have created partitions should be called Disk 0 Section 1, 2, 3 ... and not "Unallocated space on the disk." In other sections with names such operating system will not see.
create a section or sections and click "Apply" when necessary:
Note: at this stage, there can be problems - when Windows 7 driver asks for further installation or when the system does not see your hard drive in order to continue the installation.
In such cases, you should go back into the BIOS and change the self-SATA-controller to AHCI mode in the IDE!
Or set (if prepared) hard disk controller drivers. If you have two or more partitions on the hard drive, then the above paragraph can be skipped. So, we chose the "System" section, and now we need to start formatting.
The installer warns that all our data will be deleted. We do, and we must, because we are interested in pure Setup Windows. We agree and look forward to. Usually the whole process takes a matter of seconds. After formatting, we see that the space has become more relaxed click "Next".
And here is the beginning of the installation process is running. You can already breathe).
We are waiting, with ... It usually takes 15-25 minutes. When our system is established, it will prompt you for a user name and computer name. Enter.
If you wish, you can enter a password and password hint. Next, Windows prompts you to enter a serial number. Enter (if any). If not, skip this step and remove a tick "Automatically activated when you connect to the Internet."
If you change the boot priority in the BIOS, then you need to go back and re-set to boot from the hard disk (HDD).
If you need to create a bootable USB flash drive with Windows 10 support for UEFI, you read the link guide.
Guide a pretty impressive, but this should not scare you, because there are many affected by the moments that you may not be useful. It is designed primarily for beginners who first encounter with the self-installing Windows 7, so I tried to describe every detail. That's all.
I very much hope that during the installation you will not grow old and full of energy. Do not forget about the correct antivirus software, Adobe Flash Player and a browser Maxthon.
HOW TO INSTALL WINDOWS 7 on a flash drive
We consider two methods of recording an image of Windows 7 on a USB flash drive
- Recording an image on a USB flash drive using UltraISO .
- Recording an image on a USB flash drive using the command-line tools.
This article discusses only how to record an image on a flash drive.
- Detailed installation instructions in this article: Installing Windows 7.
- How and where legally download image described in the same article, Chapter how and where to download the original image windows 7, 64 or 32 bits.
If you are not sure how many bit version of Windows 7 (32-bit ( the x86 ) or 64-bit ( x64 )) you will need for the upcoming installation, you can learn more about the difference between Windows 7 x32 and Windows 7 x64.
Burn the Windows 7 image on a USB flash drive
Before you begin installing the operating system, you need to determine what type of media to be installed. Recently, this question is particularly relevant, as the market of computer technology widely used compact Netbook 'and not equipped with an optical drive, as well as flash accumulator large volume, have become so popular and also copes with the task of the boot disk for the operating system.
If there is at your fingertips flash- memory (4 GB , because the install image takes about 2.5 GB ), then carefully studied and following the steps in this article, you can install an operating system using a flash- drive as a boot disk. You do not need any additional software: everything will be done using the command line and the mounted image of Windows 7 . In general, the installation of Windows 7 from a USB drive - the faster (and a little bit more complex version).
Capture an image in UltraIso on Flash
Once you got into the hands of the image with Windows 7, you need to burn it to a carrier. The question "How to do it?" .
This article will tell you how to burn the image to a USB flash drive ( the USB-the Flash or the HDD, the Flash ) using the program UltraIso .
Step 1 . Install the program UltraISO (in this lesson we examine the version 9.31 , although the fundamental difference in the other versions do not).
Hit "Next" , simultaneously pointing out the necessary installation parameters.
In the last window, DO NOT remove the check mark from "Associate .iso file UltraIso» and «Set ISO CD / DVD emulator (the ISO Drive)» .
Step 2. After installation run the program, and the proposal to register the product, select "Trial Period" that will give us the opportunity to use this program for 30 days (which would be enough to write our image).
Step 3 . Before you start manipulating our way, must be inserted into a free USB -output of a USB flash drive or external hard drive to which you want to record.
Step 4: Open your image using the "File - Open" . Next, go to the item "Bootstrapping - Write Disk Image (burn a disk image)" .
Step 5. In the Disk Drive you need to choose your vehicle (if several flash drives inserted into your computer). Also check the correctness of the selected image in the line "Image File" . In the line "Record Method" select the USB-the HDD . When everything is selected correctly, you must click on the button "Save" . Before you begin the process, you will be asked: "Do you really want to continue the process? All the information on the flash memory will be destroyed " . Check the contents of your USB drive, and if there is nothing important, feel free to click "Yes" . By the end of the recording you will be notified that the write was successful: «! The Burn successful The» . Your bootable flash drive is ready.
Capture an image of Windows 7 on a USB flash drive using the command line.
- So, to prepare properly connected flash -disc to usb IR port of your computer. Make sure that on the flash accumulator is not required to have data as flash -disc will be formatted.
- Now run the command line the Windows . Shortcut to start you can find at:
Start -> Programs -> Accessories -> Command Prompt.
You can also press the key combination "the Windows + the R" , then in the window "Run" you need to enter the program name "smd" and press "the Enter" .
- Now, in the command prompt window, run the command «the diskpart» . After that run a system utility to manage disks. With this program, we clear the contents of a disc, create a partition on it. After that, we will be able to make it active, format it and save it to the image contents. Then we will only have to place the disc loader files: then when booting the operating system, our flash- disk is defined as removable media - we can start with his installation of Windows 7 .
Consider these steps in more detail.
After the boot system utility the diskpart , you will see an invitation in the form of a line the DISKPART> .
Now you can go to the command.
With a team of «list disk» you can see a list of all disks of the computer (Figure 5).
Now, if you execute the command «select disk number " where "number" - is the drive number, which is a flash- drive, we will choose the drive to apply all subsequent commands, which we will introduce when working with the utility the diskpart .
As can be seen from Figure 1, in this case, will be a command «select disk 3 ' .
But be very careful - you can choose a hard drive and remove it all the data.
- Next, we will delete all data and partitions on our flash- memory device. To do this, the team clean .
- The next step will be, with the command create partition primary, create a flash- drive new section.
- Select this profile for later use commands to it using the command select partition 1 .
- Let's make it active with the command active A .
To format the drive, run the command the format fs = the NTFS . As a parameter of this command, we specify the file system type ( the NTFS ).
It now remains to initialize the drive connection with the command the assign (AutoPlay window, as if we had just hooked up to a computer flash- disk) and exit the utility from the command of exit (Fig. 7).
It remains the final step - we need to copy the boot loader on the flash- memory.
To do this, mount the image of Windows 7 you want to install on your computer.
Now using the command line scroll to this (mounted) disk. After that, go to the folder boot and run bootsect / nt60 K :.
Note that instead of the letter "K" letter should be in the team that has been assigned to your flash-drive when the assign command.
This command will launch a system utility bootsect with 2 options:
- the first indicates the version of the bootloader OS ( / nt60 - option is needed to create the boot loader operating system Windows Vista and Windows 7 ).
- second option - is the letter assigned to our flash- drive.
In this case, the boot loader will be available OS on our flash- disk.
If you mount an image of 64-bit Windows 7 , you will not be able to run bootsect , if your operating system is 32 bit - because This version bootsect is 64 bit.
Copying files to a USB flash drive prepared.
Once the flash drive has been prepared, the files are copied from the image:
you can mount your existing image file with DAEMON the Tools Lite , and then copy all the files from the mounted disk to the flash drive.
Now, if you restart the computer, then, going to the BIOS , you can install your USB flash drive to download and install it with Windows 7 ( first not boot device ).
Now you can go to the next chapter, which will be a very detailed account of the further installation of Windows 7 .
Detailed instructions for installing Windows 7 in this article: Installing Windows 7.
You can also pay attention to the image recording with the utility of Windows 7 USB / DVD Download Tool.